In this tutorial, we will see a common task on a server, which is the folder share.
There are several solutions to share a folder, in this tutorial we will see two possibilities:
- By the file explorer
- By the server manager
Before starting to share a folder, we will make a point on the operation of rights SMB and NTFS.
NTFS rights apply to local access folders directly from the server and also to the folder if it is shared.
SMB rights applies only to the shared folder and allows access to this folder. NTFS rights then take over for access to folders and files.
We share the folder Direction with SMB rights for Everyone, at the NTFS level only the GRP_Direction group has rights on it, if a user who is not part of the group tries to open the folder, it will not have access on.
This solution is often used and works for all versions of Windows server and desktop.
1. Open the explorer and go to the location of the file to share.
Since Windows Server 2012, shared folder management is done directly from the new server manager.
The folder shared by the explorer is visible in Server Manager.
In the case of confidential file, I advise you to disable caching. Deactivating the cache also increases the security of the share, because the users having the folder locally, when they return to the corporate network the content is synchronized, if the user is encrypted the file, this will send the files to the server.
Folder sharing is not a difficult operation to do on Windows Server, but you have to be careful about the right you give to sharing if it is to remain confidential.
All you need to do is set up GPOs so that users automatically access the folder through a network drive.
As part of a file server, I recommend the installation of the resource manager that will allow better management of files and the use report edition.