Hyper-V: installation on Windows Server

Windows Server 2012R2  Windows Server 2016  Windows Server 2019

In this tutorial, we will have how to install Hyper-V on Windows Server (2012R2/2016/2019).

Hyper-V presentation

Hyper-V is the Microsoft hypervisor, built into the Windows server since the 2008 64bit version.

Hyper-V is a type 1 hypervisor, that is to say that the hardware resources (CPU, RAM, network cards …) are managed directly by it, unlike a type 2 hypervisor which is a software which installs on the operating system like Virtual Box

Since Windows 8, it is also integrated in the client version to replace Virtual PC.

Hyper-V can be installed on the following versions of Windows:

  • Graphic mode
  • Core mode
  • Nano Server since Windows 2016 Server

More about : https://docs.microsoft.com/fr-fr/windows-server/virtualization/hyper-v/hyper-v-on-windows-server

Prerequisites

  • 64-bit processor with second level address translation (SLAT).
  • Processor with virtualization technology (AMD-V or IntelVT).
  • 4GB of RAM minimum.
  • Hardware and component compatible Hyper-V.

It is strongly recommended that the server be dedicated to Hyper-V and not to install any other role.

Installing Hyper-V

PowerShell

Start a PowerShell prompt and enter the following command:

Wait during the installation:

When the installation is complete, restart the server.

Graphic mode

From the server manager, click Add Roles and Features 1 .

Start wizard

When launching the wizard, click Next 1 .

Wizard install feature

Choose the Role Based Installation option or 1 feature and click Next 2 .

Wizard install feature

Select the target server 1 and click the Next 2 button.

Select server

Check the Hyper-V role 1 .

Check Hyper-V

Validate adding the administration tools by clicking Add 1 features.

administration tools

Press the Next 1 button.

role hyper-v checked

Click Next 1

Windows Server features list

In the context of setting up a cluster, it is possible to check the Failover Clustering and MPIO features.

The role installation wizard lets you configure Hyper-V during installation, click Next 1 .

Hyper-v configuration wizard

Several tutorials are available on the site for configuring and administering the Hyper-V role.

Click Next 1 to switch the configuration of the virtual switches.

Virtual Switch Assistant

A virtual switch is a switch that is used to connect virtual machines to the network. There are 3 types.

Allow dynamic virtual machine migrations to and from this server if necessary, then click Next 1 .

Dynamic migration configuration

Live Migration allows two Hyper-V hosts (same version) in an Active Directory environment to move a virtual machine from one server to another (vm on). This facilitates maintenance operations.
In an environment outside the cluster, live migration does not allow failover of VMs.

Click Next 1 , it is possible to change the default location of the virtual machines.

Default location for virtual machines

Check the box Automatically restart the destination server, if necessary 1 , click on Yes 2 to confirm.

Auto restart

Click on Install 1 .

Start hyper-v install

Wait during the installation, the server should restart …

Installation....

After restarting the server, log in, the installation is complete. Click Close 1 to exit the wizard.

Installation complete

You can now launch the Hyper-V Management Console to set up the hypervisor (virtual switch) and then start adding Virtual Computers.

Hyper-V Console




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