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QNAP : volume configuration

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Introduction

When provisioning a NAS, the first step is to create one or more volumes with the disks installed in it.

NAS QNAP offers two types of volumes:

  • Volume based on a pool of disks.
  • Volume on raid disk group (static).

Both types of volumes each have their advantage and disadvantage.

Pooled volumes allow the use of snapshot, creating multiple volumes in a pool.

Volumes says static offers better performance.

Volume on a disk pool

Pool creation

1. Open the control panel and click on Storage and snapshots 1 .
QNAP - Control Panel

2. Click on the icon 1 to add a storage pool.
Storage overview

3. When launching the wizard, click Next 1 .
Wizard pool

4. Select the disks to put in the pool 1 , choose the type of RAID 2 then click Next 3 .
Wizard pool

5. The configuration summary is displayed. Click on Create 1 .
Wizard pool

6. Confirm the action by clicking OK 1
Alert message

7. Wait during creation.
pool being created

8. The pool is created.
Pool createdPool overview

The disk pool is created, you must now add the volumes on it that will store the data.

Creating the volume

1. From the storage management on Storage / Snapshots 1 , click Create 2 then New Volume 3 .
New volume

2. Select the volume type (heavy or light) 1 , select the pool 2 then click Next 3 .
Volume type

3. Configure the volume: name 1 / size 2 / file system 3 and click Next 4 .
Configure volume

4. Confirm the creation by clicking Finish 1 .
Resume new volume

5. Wait while creating the volume …

6. The volume is ready.
Volume created

Static volume in RAID

In order to create a static volume, it is necessary to have free disks (not pooled and not allocated to a static volume).

1. On the Storage Management page, go to Storage / Snapshots 1 and click New Volume 2 .
New volume

2. Select static volume 1 and click Next 2 .
Wizard volume

3. Select disks 1 , RAID types 2 and click Next 3 .
Configure volume

4. Change the volume name if necessary 1 , configure file system 2 and click Next 3 .
Configure volume

5. A configuration summary is displayed, click Finish 1 to start creating the volume.
Confirm volume creation

6. Confirm the creation by clicking OK 1 .
Confirm new volume

7. Wait while creating the storage volume.
Wait while creating the volume Wait while creating the volume

Close the information messages that opens during the operation.

8. The volume is created and being optimized, it is possible to start using the available storage on the volume with degraded performance.
Volume created

Conclusion

The choice of volume type is something important because it is difficult after changing it. Before you create a volume, you must define what it will serve.

Here are 2 examples of uses that I recommend:

  • Virtual Machine Backup Storage: Static Volume
  • File sharing or robocopy type backup: Pool + heavy volume to take advantage of snapshots.

When it comes to virtual machine storage for Hyper-V or VMware, I prefer to use SAN solutions that I think are more reliable and efficient.


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