How to install and configure Windows server routing

In this tutorial, I will explain how to set up routing with Windows Server. I regularly use this role in the different labs that I put in place under Hyper-V. I isolate the test platform with a private switch and I use a virtual machine with two network interfaces. One card is connected to the private switch (LAN) and the second on the network which is also internet (WAN).

Routage

Prerequisites:

  • A server with at least two network cards.
  • Identify network cards
  • Notion of routing

Installing the Remote Access role

1. From Server Manager, click Add Roles and Features 1 .

Gestionnaire de serveur

2. Skip the first window of the wizard by clicking Next 1 .

Assistant ajout rôle

3. Choose Role Based Installation or 1 Functionality and click Next 2 .

Type installation

4. Select the server where the role is to be installed 1 and click Next 2 .

Choisir le serveur

5. Check the Remote Access role 1 and click Next 2 .

Rôle Accès distant

6. Skip the features by clicking Next 1 .

Fonctionnalités

7. Click Next 1 to skip the Remote Access role summary.

Résumé du rôle Acces distant

8. Check the Routing 1 service.

9. Click Add Features 1 to confirm the addition of dependencies.

Valider l'ajout des fonctionnalités

10. Click Next 1 .

Services selectiones

11. Skip the IIS role summary by clicking Next 1 .

Resume service Routage

12. Validate IIS services by clicking Next 1 .

Service IIS

13. Click the Install 1 button.

Lancer l'installation

14. Wait while installing roles …

15. The installation completed, exit the wizard by clicking Finish 1 .

Fermer l"assistant

Now the roles and services are installed, we will see how to configure the routing.

Routing configuration

1. Open the Routing and Remote Access console.

Console

2. Right-click on server 1 and click Configure and enable routing and remote access 2 .

Ouvrir assistant de configuration

3. When launching the wizard, click Next 1 .

Assistant de configuration

4. Choose NAT (Network address translation) 1 then click Next 2 .

Configuration NAT

5. Select WAN interface 1 and click Next 2 .

Choisir l'interface WAN

6. The configuration is complete, exit the wizard by clicking Finish 1 .

Configuration terminée

7. Optional: If the following message is displayed, click OK 1 .

Avertissement...

8. Wait while services start …

Démarrage services

9. The service is enabled on server 1 , it has gone green.

Services OK

10. Go to IPv4 1 / General 2 . If the extensions on your network are properly configured, the Incoming / Outgoing Bytes values should increase by 3 .

Vérification trafic

Now we will see how to configure the port transfer to access to publish services (www / rds …).

Configuring port forwarding

In this part, we will see how to access an RDP machine in the LAN of the LAB.

1. Go to IPv4 1 / NAT 2 . Right click on WAN 3 and click on Properties 4 .

Regle NAT

2. Go to the Services and Ports 1 tab, select Remote Desktop 2 and click on Edit 3 .

Services et port

3. Enter the IP address 1 of the server that you want to make available and click OK 2 .

IP de destination

4. Click Apply 1 and OK 2 to activate the rule.

Appliquer la configuration

To connect from the production LAN to the LAB LAN, enter the IP address of the WAN interface (172.16.0.67).

Follow the connections

It is possible to see the outgoing and incoming connections.

1. Go to IPv4 1 / NAT 2 , right click on interface 3 and click on Show mappings 4 .

Afficher mappage

2. A window opens with the list of current connections.

Liste des connexions

Filtering outgoing connections

In this part, we will see how to filter the outgoing connections per port. To illustrate the functionality, we will let all the internet connections except port 80.

1. Go to IPv4 1 / General 2 , right click on the WAN interface 3 and click on Properties 4 .

Proprietes WAN

2. Click Output filter 1 .

Gestion des filtres de sortie

3. Click on New 1 .

Ajoute un nouveau filtre

4. Select TCP 1 , destination port 80 2 and click OK 3 .

Protocole et port

5. Filter action choose Transmit all packets except those that meet the following 1 criteria and then click OK 2 .

Configuration comportement filtres

6. Click Apply 1 and OK 2 .

Appliquer

7. Launch a browser and try to access a website in http (http://www.jeuxvideo.com), the page should not load.

Échec chargement


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